The Intersection of MILLER and COOPER Families
in Nineteenth Century Central Ohio

By Thomas S. Rue
- 1976 -


Upon starting the present search, in January 1977, all the information that was available to me on this line was that the mother of my great-grandfather, Everett Nelson Rue, "was Phoebe Miller Rue. She was born in Iowa." (Family Bible of Stella M. Rice Rue, Everett's wife, formerly of Joplin, Jasper Co., Missouri, in my possession; written by Stella after-the-fact. ) The statement that Phoebe "was born in Iowa" appears to be an error, though the family did pass through Iowa, as shown below.

The next reference I found was in the 1875 Kansas State census, Cherokee Co., City of Baxter Springs, p. 7, dwelling #55, family #59. I was actually searching this record for the family of Norvel F. Rue (Everett's father), a wheelright, who appeared in the 1880 federal census in that city. It was by accident that, enumerated as having lived not far from Norvel's family, I stumbled across the family of "N. Miller," 54 years of age, white, male, blacksmith, born in Ohio, having come through Missouri to get to Kansas. His wife, "M. Miller," 48, white, female, born in Ohio, also having come through Missouri.

Then turning to the 1880 soundex of Kansas ("Miller" = M460), on p. 21, dwelling #170, living next door to Norvel F. RUE, were discovered:
  • Nelson Miller, aged 56, white, male, blacksmith, b. Ohio
  • Martha Miller, wife, aged 52, white, female, keeps house, b. Ohio
  • Heva C. Miller, daughter, aged 14, white female, in school, b. Iowa
Phoebe Jane Miller Rue  
  Armed with their full names, I turned to the published index of the Ohio 1850 federal census. There was a Nelson MILLER with a wife Martha in Fairfield Co. , Richland Township, District #4, enumerated on p. 399, dwelling #185:
Phoebe Jane Miller Rue, 1850-1911
Scan courtesy of Jim Rue of Laguna Beach, California

  • Nelson Miller, aged 25, male, farmer, b. Ohio, $2500 real estate
  • Martha Miller, aged 22, female, b. Ohio
  • Isaac Miller, aged 2, male, b. Ohio
  • Febe Miller, aged 8/12, female, b. Ohio
  • Febe Cooper, aged 53, female, b. Ohio
This 53-year-old woman, I later confirmed, was the mother of Martha (see below). Infant "Febe" was evidently the same as "Phoebe," described in the family Bible , mentioned in the first paragraph above. Nelson A. and Martha Ann Miller bought and sold large amounts of land until the year 1856 when they sold their land and house, and seemingly disappeared from Fairfield Co. records. This information was obtained from deeds on microfilm at the Genealogical Library of the LDS church in Salt Lake City, Utah.

In the LDS Computer File Index [later known as the International Genealogical Index], February 1975 edition, there is record of the sealing of Nelson Miller to Martha Ann Cooper on 8 May 1973 in the Logan Temple. (This information only has significance to Mormons.) The original record, on film at the LDS library (#910669), Perry Co. , Ohio Marriages, Book 2, p. 116, #944, states: "March 4, 1845. This is to certify that I did on the 8 day of April 1845 solemnize the marriage of Mr. Nelson Miller and Miss Martha Ann Cooper. Given under my hand this 8 day of April 1845. Elder Thomas Martin."

Perry Co. lies just to the east of Fairfield Co.

It has been mentioned that "Febe Cooper" was enumerated with the family of Nelson MILLER in 1850. In 1840, she was living in Clayton Township, Perry Co., Ohio, on p. 99, as "Pheby Cooper." She was 50-60 years old, living with: one female aged 10-15; two males aged 15-20; and one male, aged 20-30. In 1830, on p. 391 of the census of Clayton Township, is enumerated one Isaac Cooper, aged 20-30.

With him were the following: two males, aged 5-10; two males, aged 10-15, two males, aged 15-20, one male, aged 20-30, one female under 5, and one female aged 40-50.
The earliest land recorded land transction to which our Cooper family is known to have been a party is dated 11 December 1827, in which he sold a small plot of land to be used for a school. Isaac and Phebe Cooper sold 1/4 acre in the northwest quarter of Section 8, Township 16, Range 15, Perry Co., Ohio to "James Wilson, John Hull, & Joseph Cookson, directors of the third School district of Clayton Township, Perry Co., Ohio" for the sum of $4,000, witnessed by David M. Keller and Jane McCormick (Book E, p. 200). Nineteen years later, by 27 January 1846, "Phoebe," now the widow of Isaac, sold "42 and 20/100" acres to her son Joel Cooper for $80, witnessed by Israel Cooper, another son, and Samuel Curran, a justice of the peace (Book Q, p. 422).

On 18 June 1846, Nelson A. Miller sols a parcel to another another son of Isaac and Phebe Cooper, his brother-in-law, Isaac W. Cooper. The pagination is illegible in the film copy, but reference to it may be found on p. 135 of the index to deeds (GS #911167). Isaac W. Cooper, the brother of Martha Ann, married Rachel M. Boor on 15 December 1842 in Perry Co. (GS #910669, Book 2, p. 116, #944). The mother of this Rachel M. Boor was also named Rachel. The family of Isaac W. Cooper appears in the 1850 federal census as follows (Ohio, Perry Co., Clayton Township, p. 422B, dwelling #1678):
  • Isaac W. Cooper, aged 31, farmer, b. Ohio

  • Rachel M. Cooper, aged 26, b. Ohio

In the 1820 census of the same township, on p. 13A, Isaac Cooper is enumerated with: four males under 10; one male aged 10-15; one female aged 16-25; and one female aged 45 or over. Isaac himself was aged 16-25. Since he was reported to be aged 20-30 in 1830, if both statements are correct he must have been between 26 and 30 in 1830.

  • LeRoy D. Cooper, aged 6, b. Ohio
  • Martha E. Cooper, aged 4, b. Ohio
  • Rachel Boor, aged 62, b. Pennsylvania
  • Israel Cooper, aged 25, farmer, b. Ohio
  • Rachel Boor, aged 16, b. Ohio
Israel Cooper, shown above, is the brother of Isaac W. Cooper. Isaac W. and Rachel M. Cooper are also enumerated in the 1860 federal census, shown as having another daughter, Celia Cooper, aged 9 (Ohio, Perry Co., Clayton Township, p. 42, dwelling #349).
In 1870, the family of Isaac and Rachel Cooper was still in Perry Co., (Clayton Township, p. 6, dwelling #56.), but by 1880, they appear to have left the county.
Joel Cooper, a brother of Martha Ann, appears in 1850 census with his family as follows (Ohio, Perry Co., Clayton Township, p. 414, dwelling #1350):
  • Joel Cooper, aged 35, farmer, b. Ohio
  • Martha Cooper, aged 32, b. Ohio
  • Anne M. Cooper, aged 12, b. Ohio
  • Jane Cooper, aged 9, b. Ohio
  • Mary Cooper, aged 6, b. Ohio
  • Lucretia Cooper, aged 4, b. Ohio
  • Hariett E. Cooper, aged 3, b. Ohio.

    This research paper, dated 6 April 1977, was was submitted as a final project for Genealogy 311, North American Genealogy, at Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, taught by professor Norman E. Wright. All rights reserved, 1977 (posted on the web 1997, revised 2004), Tom Rue, POB 706, Monticello NY 12701,

    [ HOME ]